Law on Topographies of Integrated Circuits 1999

Purpose of the Law

1. This Law regulates property and personal non-property relations arising in connection with the registration, exploitation and legal protection of the intellectual property object – topography of integrated circuit.

Definitions Used in the Law

2. For the purposes of this Law, unless expressly stated otherwise:

(a) integrated circuit (hereinafter – IC) – a product intended to perform an electronic function in its final or an intermediate form, in which the elements at least one of which is an active element, and some or all of the interconnections are integrally formed in and/or on a piece of material;

(b) topography of integrated circuit (hereinafter – topography) – the three-dimensional disposition, however expressed, of the IC elements, at least one of which is an active element, and of some or all of the interconnections, or such a three-dimensional disposition prepared for an IC intended for manufacture;

(c) certificate on topography (hereinafter – certificate) – the document registered in respect to this Law, granted in the name of topography proprietor, confirming his exclusive rights;

(d) application – collection of documents necessary for registration of a topography, made in respect to the prescribed requirements;

(e) “Sakpatenti” – National Intellectual Property Center of Georgia, a legal entity governed by public law, which ensures the rights of natural persons and legal entities in the sphere of intellectual property protection;

f) Chamber of Appeals – a body existing at Sakpatenti, which considers the disputes as regards to the procedure of securing of the rights for the intellectual property objects.

Arising of Exclusive Rights

3. —(1) Exclusive right on topography arises by registration of a topography at Sakpatenti.

(2) The certificate is granted in the name of the proprietor of the registered topography.

Validity Term of Exclusive Rights

4. Validity term of the exclusive right on the topography is 10 years as from the registration date at Sakpatenti.

Originality of Topography

5. —(1) In respect to this law an original topography shall be registered.

(2) A topography shall be considered original, if it is the result of intellectual effort and was not commonplace at the date of creation.

(3) The topography, consisting of elements, that are commonplace for its creation date, shall be considered to be original, if it is the result of intellectual effort and is not commonplace in the whole.

(4) The topography is considered as original until proving the contrary.

(5) Exploitation of the topography by the author of topography, or by the other person, who for the application filing date has the right to secure the certificate, or by the third party, for which said topology became available from the author in direct or indirect way, during two years before the application filing date does not effect the originality of topography.

Authors (Co-Authors) of Topography

6. —(1) As an author of topography (hereinafter – author) shall be deemed a natural person, in result of the intellectual efforts of which was created a topography.

(2) If the topography was created in result of joint intellectual efforts of several natural persons, each of them shall be deemed to be a co-author.

(3) The author of topography is entitled to have his name mentioned in the certificate.

Right to Secure the Certificate

7. —(1) The author or his successor have the right to secure the certificate.

(2) The right to secure the topography certificate, which is the result of joint intellectual efforts of several persons, is entitled to all the authors jointly, as well as to each of them, where the other authors refuse to obtain the certificate.

(3) Where the topography was created by an employee in the course of his employment or in result of a special order, the right to secure the certificate is entitled to the employer, unless otherwise provided for by the contract concluded between them.

(4) Where the right to secure the certificate belongs to the employer, the employee on basis of mutual agreement is entitled to require the additional relevant remuneration from the employer.

(5) Where the topography is created pursuant to State order or in the course of employment in respect to the contract concluded between the organizations, the right to secure the certificate shall be defined by the order or the contract terms.

Scope of the Exclusive Rights and Infringement

8. —(1) The certificate proprietor has an exclusive right to use the topography at his own discretion, or prohibit its use. Whereas, the exclusive right does not apply to any idea, technique, system, technology or coded information embodied in a topography or IC created on its basis.

(2) As the infringement of the exclusive rights shall be considered the following acts done without any consent of right holder:

(a) copying of the topography or any substantial part thereof with the purpose to incorporate it in IC or otherwise, with the exception of the part, which is not original;

(b) use, import, offer for sale, sell or include otherwise the topography or IC incorporating the topography in the course of trade.

Warning Indication

9. The proprietor of topography is entitled to mark the IC or the product containing it with a warning indication, including the following:

(a) letter “T” in a circle (T;

(b) topography registration date;

(c) name of the proprietor.

Exploitation, that Shall not Be Deemed as Infringement of Exclusive Right

10. —(1) The following shall not be deemed to be the infringement of exclusive right on topography:

(a) use of the topography, or product incorporating thereof for sole purpose without gaining any profit, also for analysis, research or teaching;

(b) further distribution of IC or product embodying IC made by topography proprietor or on basis of IC distributed with his consent;

(c) any action in regard to IC incorporating the topography reproduced without permission, or in regard to any product including such IC, where the person conducting such actions did not know or at purchasing the IC or product was not able to know about topography reproduced illegally. When such a person receives the documentary notification about illegal use of the topography, he can do any action in regard to the existing stock or ordered products, but must pay to the proprietor of rights a reasonable royalty, that would be paid for such a topography at purchasing of the license voluntarily.

(2) The actions of the subsection (2) of Article 8 shall not be deemed as the infringement of exclusive rights:

(a) exploitation of the identical topography made independently by the other person before publication of the registered topography in the Official Bulletin;

(b) creation by the other person of an improved topography on basis of research of the commonplace topography, if the new topography complies the requirements of originality.

Application and Filing of the Application for Examination

11. —(1) An application is filed with Sakpatenti directly by the author of topography, his successor ( hereinafter an applicant), or by their representative.

(2) Foreign persons or their representatives conduct their relations with Sakpatenti in respect to the Article 65 of the Patent Law of Georgia.

(3) The application must concern to only one topography.

(4) The application shall contain:

(a) a request for registration of topography, drawn up in respect to the prescribed rule, containing: full name of the applicant (title), address and correspondence address, or full name and address of the representative, where the application is filed by the representative;

(b) materials fully illustrating the topography, including the abstract;

(c) document confirming the payment of the fee for the application examination as to


(d) power of attorney issued in the name of representative, where the application is filed with Sakpatenti by the representative.

(5) The application shall be considered as filed from the day, when the request for registration of topography and materials illustrating fully the topography, including the abstract, are furnished to Sakpatenti.

Examination of Application, Publication, Granting of Certificate

12. —(1) Sakpatenti conducts examination as to form, on basis of which takes the relevant decision on granting of the certificate.

(2) Sakpatenti confirms the applications filing date, when the fee for examination as to form is paid.

(3) Where it is recognized, that the application complies with the requirements of the examination as to form, Sakpatenti takes the decision on registration of topography.

(4) After taking the favorable decision on registration of the topography and paying of the fee, Sakpatenti registers the topography in the “Register of Integrated Circuits Topographies”, grants the certificate on topography and publishes the data in the Official Bulletin of Sakpatenti.

(5) Before publishing the data the applicant respecting the Sakpatenti request, or by his own initiative can complete, verify and correct the application materials.

(6) At pending of the application Sakpatenti can request the applicant to present additional materials and make the amendments in the application without which the application cannot be examined.

(7) The procedures relating to the application examination and registration are defined by the approved rule.


13. —(1) For examination as to from, topography registration, granting of the certificate, publication of data, annual maintenance and other legal activities shall be subject to payment of the fee, the amount and conditions of payment are defined by the rule approved by legislation.

(2) It is admissible to revise the fees respecting the international norms, changes of national currency rate and inflation.

Transfer of the Rights

14. —(1) The topography proprietor can transfer the exclusive right on topography.

(2) The topography proprietor can grant a license on the use o topography to the other person. The grant of the license contract and registration is carried out in respect to the 59, 62 Articles of the “Patent Law of Georgia”.

(3) It is admissible to issue the compulsory license only in the cases where the use is due to the State non-commercial interests, or is conditioned by court or administrative acts aimed to prevent the unfair competition.


15. —(1) The proprietor of the topography or the party concerned can appeal against the decision of Sakpatenti or the Chamber of Appeals in respect to the Article 68 and Article 69 of the “Patent Law of Georgia”.

(2) The proprietor of the topography in the case of litigation relating to the infringement of his rights can demand:

(a) prevention of acts infringing his rights;

(b) compensation of damages, including the profit he could receive;

(c) destruction or confiscation of the IC incorporating the topography used with the commercial purpose.

Use of the Rights Awarded by the Law

16. Foreign natural persons and legal entities enjoy the rights provided for by the present Law in respect to the international treaties and agreements or on basis of reciprocity principle.

Date of Enacting the Law

17. This Law shall enter into force from September 1, 1999.


    • October 2020
      Mon Tue Wed Thu Fri Sat Sun
      « Aug    
  • IP4all Weekly Bulletin

    You can subscribe to the weekly IP4ALL Bulletin.

  • IP Consulting Ltd. - Intellectual Property Consulting Agency
  • Landmark-TP
  • Ivan Georgiev - Rembrand
  • Global IP Attorneys - The world's leading address guide for patent,  trademark, copyright, intellectual property and IP attorneys. In just a few steps you can find your agency for registration and protection of your intellectual property, patent, design, copyright or trademark.
  • The Professional Sector Network is a referral and networking group that caters exclusively to leading firms with a history of excellence in the business, advisory and investment sectors.
  • IP Basis®

  • IP Guide®

  • Become our partners